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Origins (7)

Boyle Origins

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Recorded as Boyle, Boyall, and O' Boyle, this is generally regarded as an Irish surname of great antiquity. However it may also be English of Irish origin or English of French origins!

If Irish it derives from the early Gaelic surname O' Baoighill, meaning the male descendant of the rash one! Traditionally Irish clan names were taken from a nickname for the original chief of the clan, and were usually prefixed O', or Mac, which is as equally Irish as Scottish.

The O' Boyles were a strong clan in County Donegal for many centuries,and were known for their ruddy complexion!

In England the origin could still be Irish, but for some nameholders at least, was French. As such the name was a transposition either of Boileau translating literally as "water wood," or Boille, a nickname of endearment for a small, rounded person, and introduced after the Norman Conquest of 1066. Richard Boyle (1566 - 1643) it is claimed was from Kent in England, but if so he almost certainly had very Irish ancestry. Inspite of a chequered record including a spell in the Tower of London, he held considerable power at the English court. In 1619 he acquired the estates in County Waterford of the executed Sir Walter Raleigh, and subsequently became the first Earl of Cork. Fourteen of the fifteen Boyles listed in the "Dictionary of National Biography" belong to this Anglo-Irish family.

The coat of arms depicts a gold shield charged with green oak tree eradicated.


Docherty Origins

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Docherty is an anglicized form of the Olde Gaelic name O'Dochartaigh, the Gaelic prefix "O" indicates "male descendant (of)", plus the personal name Dochartaigh, from "dochartach" meaning "hurtful" or "obstructive". The leading sept of the O'Dohertys (the usual anglicization of the name) belonged to Co. Donegal where they became Lords of Irishowen in the 14th Century.

The earliest recording of the surname in Ireland was in 1208, the year which David O'Doherty, a chief of Cinel Conaill was killed. There is an earlier recording of the name in the Isle of Man.

Today, the name Doherty with its variant forms Docherty, Docharty, Dougherty, etc., numbers fifteenth in the list of the most widespread names in Ireland. Sir Cahir O' Dougherty (1587 - 1608), lord of Inishowen who was knighted on the field of Augher.

The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Donnall O' Dochartaigh, which was dated 1119, in the "Manx Names" by A.W.Moore, during the reign of the High Kings of Ireland "with opposition" 1022 - 1166. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.


Ehemann Origins

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According to the Dictionary of American Family Names (Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-508137-4)

Ehemann is of South German origin. It is a byname for someone under feudal obligations of some particular kind, from Middle High German e ‘law’,‘contract’ + man ‘man’.Jewish: (Ashkenazic). It is also thought to be a nickname from modern German Ehemann ‘husband’ (the word Ehe having progressively become restricted to the marriage contract and then to the state of matrimony itself). At one time in the Austrian Empire, only one son in a Jewish family was officially permitted to marry and start a family of his own: this may have been a surname adopted by such a person.



Field Origins

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The derivation of the name Field is from "feld", translating as pasture or open country, almost the opposite of the 20th century meaning.

The earliest recordings are to be found in England and Germany. These include Hugo de la Felde, in the Pipe Rolls of the county of Bedfordshire, England, in the year 1188, and Petrus im dem Velde, of Mengen, Germany, in 1216. Other recordings include Franz van de Velde, the bishop of Herzogbusch, Germany, in 1576, and Margarett Feilde, who married at the church of St. Martin Orgar, London, in 1586. Amongst the very first settlers to the new colony of Virgina, America, was James Feild. He arrived in the ship "Swan of London", in 1624.

The first recorded spelling of the family name anywhere in the world is believed to be that of Robert de Felde, which was dated 1185, in the list of Knights Templars, in the registers of the county of Gloucestershire, England. This was during the reign of King Henry 11nd, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189.


Halliday Origins

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From The Oxford Names Companion

Halliday in English and Scots; from Old English haligdaeg holy day, religious festival. The reasons why this word should have become a surname are not clear, perhaps it was used as a nickname for persons born at Christmas or Easter.'

From Burkes Commoners

'With the settlement of this people on the borders of the two kingdoms, began the harassing and petty warfare which may be said to have continued until long after the Union; and tradition affirms, that 'a holyday' became the warcry or slogan of the chief and people of Annandale, whenever they made a 'raide' or foray upon the Saxon border - for they accounted every day HOLY, that was spent in ravaging the ememy's country.'

The wars that in the aftertimes so fiercely raged between two neighbouring and rival nations, thus arose from the hatred that existed and long continued to exist between two distinct people,the Saxon and the Gaul, the oppressor and the oppressed. The Clan, when provisions became scarce were summoned to make a holyday, and in proof of the probability of this origin of the name, the eminence where the 'Annandale Moss Troopers,' were accustomed to assemble when a foray into England was ordered, still retains the designation of the Halliday Hill. (OS Landranger Series sheet 85 NY091741) Whether the derivation be correct or not, there are now no means of ascertaining - but the evidence is complete, that the chieftain, who first assumed the surname, had his castle or strong tower, near the source of the River Annan, and about two or three miles above the present flourishing village of Moffat, so celebrated for its mineral waters; at the Corehead the ruins of this castle may still be traced, and there we may suppose that generation after generation had lived in Celtic greatness as chiefs, and had hunted the wolf and the wild boar in the woody vale, when more profitable pursuit of Saxon beeves was not necessary or advisable.

It was also suggested by researcher Clarence Halliday (1963) that the name might have more ancient roots. Roman invaders called the people of Annandale 'allodil', which might have translated from Latin as 'those who cultivate their own land'. The idea being that when the Roman legions penetrated the valley of Annan they were struck by the fact that the peoples there, a mixed race of peoples, lived on lands owned by themselves. That is, no feudal type system existed as the Romans were accustomed, but one more like a freehold tenure. The medieval Latin word 'allodiālis' is apparently the root for Allodial land title. The similarity of this Latin word to the Old English surname could indicate a corruption of the old word with the new meaning. Evidence for this interpretation is however admittedly thin.


Lots of variations including Holyday and Holliday.


Howard Origins

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Howard is a common English language surname. Its origins are unclear. One theory is that it derived from the Norman-French personal name "Huard" or "Heward" adapting after the Norman Conquest of 1066. Another theory is that its origin may be pre 7th century Germanic from the personal name "Hughard" (prefix hug, meaning "heart"/"spirit"; suffix hard, meaning "hardy"/"brave"). Yet another theory is that the surname derived from the Anglo-Scandinavian personal name "Haward" (prefix ha, meaning "high"; suffix varthr, meaning "guardian"). The first public record of the surname is dated 1221 in Cambridgeshire. There are several variant surname spellings.

Our family connection is entirely East Anglian, beginning in Wickhampton, a sleepy village outside Great Yarmouth and ending in the castles and palaces of Westminster, Greenwich and elsewhere. The royal connection between our Howards and the royal line are disputed but have strong documented evidence. Even the purely academic connections are disputed but have interesting and involved stories resulting in proven family crests given by James II of Great Britain to the "pretenders" that we are descended from.

There are a number of different family crest for Howard and we are currently researching the disputed one awarded by heralds to the instructions of James II.


McKenzie Origins

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Mackenzie, MacKenzie and McKenzie are Scottish surnames. Originally pronounced [məˈkɛŋj] in Scots, the z representing the old Middle Scots letter, yogh. The names are anglicised forms of the Scottish Gaelic MacCoinnich, which is a patronymic form of the personal name Coinneach, anglicised as Kenneth. The personal name means "comely".

Recorded as MacKenzie, McKenzie, Kenzie and Kensit, this is a famous Scottish surname. In the Gaelic it is recorded as Maccoinnich or Macchoinnich, translating as 'the son of Coinneach'. The derivation is from 'Mac' meaning 'son', and 'cainnechus', fair skinned, suggesting that the original nameholders may have been of Norse-Viking nationality. The English pronunciation of the name is interesting as it preserves the medieval Gaelic pronunciation which in most anglicised names, is diffused.

The name also appears in early Irish recordings as 'Mac Cainnigh', although strictly speaking the translation is then different as 'the son of the well dressed one'! This seems an unlikely explanation given the propensity of members of the clan to indulge in bloody deeds. Their feud with the MacDonalds occupied most of the period between the 13th and 16th centuries, leaving them little time to indulge in sartorial elegance.

This aside, early recordings include those of M'Kenzocht of Kintail in 1491, and Alan McConze of Culcowe, Armanoch, in 1504. Gilchrist Makkingze was arrested for felony in Wigtown in 1513, whilst rather more lawfully Johannes McKenzie held the charter of Kildrin in 1606. Amongst the many interesting namebearers was Sir George Mackenzie K. C., (1636 - 1691), known as 'Bloody George', for his treatment of covenanters, whilst Donald MacKenzie (1783 - 1851), was originally a fur-trader but later Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company in Canada. Murdoch McKenzie, the Elder (1721-1797) and Murdoch McKenzie the younger, his nephew, (1743-1829) were both admiralty surveyors who published reports on marine surveying. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Makbeth Makkyneth. This was dated 1264, in the court of Pleas, held at Dull in Angus, during the reign of King Alexander 111 of Scotland, 1249 -1286.



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